People keep loosely suggesting that consuming sugar is as dangerous and addictive as using illicit drugs, but is any of it true?
It sounds far fetched, yet science is finding that the same or similar reward centre that activates when drugs are taken, is the same that can be stimulated when sugar is ingested! Perhaps meaning yes, sugar could be just as, if not more addictive than drugs.
Sugar addiction: pushing the drug-sugar analogy to the limit.
Ahmed SH1, Guillem K, Vandaele Y.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW:
To review research that tests the validity of the analogy between addictive drugs, like cocaine, and hyperpalatable foods, notably those high in added sugar (i.e., sucrose).
Available evidence in humans shows that sugar and sweetness can induce reward and craving that are comparable in magnitude to those induced by addictive drugs. Although this evidence is limited by the inherent difficulty of comparing different types of rewards and psychological experiences in humans, it is nevertheless supported by recent experimental research on sugar and sweet reward in laboratory rats. Overall, this research has revealed that sugar and sweet reward can not only substitute to addictive drugs, like cocaine, but can even be more rewarding and attractive. At the neurobiological level, the neural substrates of sugar and sweet reward appear to be more robust than those of cocaine (i.e., more resistant to functional failures), possibly reflecting past selective evolutionary pressures for seeking and taking foods high in sugar and calories.
The biological robustness in the neural substrates of sugar and sweet reward may be sufficient to explain why many people can have difficultly to control the consumption of foods high in sugar when continuously exposed to them.